Sweet chestnuts for roasting on the fire or adding to stuffings. They work well chopped into Brussels sprouts as a festive side dish, too.
Chestnuts have been a staple food in southern Europe and Asia for millennia, largely replacing cereals where they would not grow. Alexander the Great and the Romans planted chestnut trees across Europe while on their various campaigns and the Greek army is said to have survived its retreat from Asia Minor in 401-399 BC thanks to its stores of chestnuts.
The ancient Greeks commented on their medicinal properties and to the early Christians they symbolised chastity.
Chestnuts contain no cholesterol, very little fat (mostly unsaturated) and no gluten. They are much lower in calories than other nuts such as walnuts or almonds.